Where to find down payment money

 Residential Mortgage  Comments Off on Where to find down payment money
Jun 032019
 

For more information, please contact me at (512) 261-1542 or steve@LoneStarLending.com.

By G. Steven Bray

Recent studies have shown that 30% to 40% of prospective homebuyers think they need a 20% down payment to buy a home. The prevalence of this myth makes the results of a recent Freddie Mac study even more interesting.

Freddie’s researchers looked at lender-reported data to the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau on homebuyers’ sources for down payment funds. The data covers a period from 2013 to 2016.

The results show homebuyers still overwhelming rely on their own money with 70% reportedly using savings, retirement funds, or inheritance money for their down payment. However, this is 9 points lower than in 2013.

Repeat buyers were more common in 2016 with 31% reporting they used proceeds from the sale of another property. This is 8 points higher than in 2013.

The share who used money from family or friends remained constant at 25%, but the share using grants or loans from non-profit or government agencies doubled to 10%. (Note that some homebuyers used multiple sources of funds, so the total percentage doesn’t add up to 100.)

One interesting result of the study was the percentage of homebuyers who used a co-borrower to purchase a home. Typically, a buyer uses a co-borrower to afford a more expensive home than the buyer could afford alone. The share for first-time homebuyers with co-borrowers rose from just over 1% before the Great Recession to over 4% in 2015 and 3.2% last year.

Rate update: Rates are heading lower

 Interest Rates, Residential Mortgage  Comments Off on Rate update: Rates are heading lower
Jun 012019
 

For more information, please contact me at (512) 261-1542 or steve@LoneStarLending.com.

By G. Steven Bray

Interest rates have had an impressive rally the last couple weeks as investor sentiment has become decidedly dour. The rally began in earnest when the Chinese blew up the trade deal, but it’s taken on renewed life as talking heads have started tossing around the “R” word again.

Unfortunately for economic growth, now they have something on which to hang their hats. While employment growth and consumer sentiment still appear strong, some economic activity indicators are pulling back.

This may be a manifestation of the trade war, which means it could reverse if negotiators are able to craft a deal soon. However, other economies, particularly those of China and Germany, are slowing even more quickly. We may already be past the point of no return in terms of the next recession overseas.

So, what does this mean for mortgage rates? If you like lower rates, it’s all positive. It’s quite likely we haven’t seen the lowest rates of the year yet.

That said, it may take a while before that happens. It’s long-term Treasury rates, which readily respond to economic conditions, that have fallen so much recently. Mortgage rates are lagging behind for reasons that aren’t likely to change soon.

Even so, investor sentiment is such that traders may ignore a positive economic report, such as next week’s jobs report, and keep rates in their current, lower range, and over time, mortgage rates will catch up.

Rate update: The trade war blues

 Interest Rates, Residential Mortgage  Comments Off on Rate update: The trade war blues
May 212019
 

For more information, please contact me at (512) 261-1542 or steve@LoneStarLending.com.

By G. Steven Bray

Mortgage rates have moved very little this month, and it still seems like their next move is tied to the trade war. The announcement of new tariffs on Chinese goods created a nice little rally that brought rates down close to their lows for the year. But lately, it seems like every negative headline has been met with a conciliatory one, which has kept rates stable.

There is other news out there, and absent the trade headlines, it might move rates. Probably the most significant is the action in the Middle East. A new fighting war would roil markets everywhere and lead to lower rates.

Europe also has current crises of note. Great Britain still has a Brexit problem – deciding how it’s going to leave the European Union. Italy, on the other hand, just thumbed its nose at European Union austerity rules, and pundits once again are talking about the survivability of the EU.

In the US, we’re watching for economic data that indicates something other than a steady as she goes economy. The next big reports aren’t due for a couple weeks, culminating in the May jobs report due on Jun 7th. Analysts aren’t predicting any surprises based on recent economic activity.

And that brings us back to the trade war. Barring something extraordinary happening elsewhere in the world, I think the fate of interest rates depends on the success or failure of trade talks. Resolution would remove the biggest uncertainty for the economy and almost certainly would lead to higher rates.

Renters twice as cost burdened as homeowners

 Residential Mortgage  Comments Off on Renters twice as cost burdened as homeowners
May 082019
 

For more information, please contact me at (512) 261-1542 or steve@LoneStarLending.com.

By G. Steven Bray

With all the ink spent on affordability in the last year, I found a recent study by Corelogic provided some novel insights. It found that housing costs in Austin for renters rose almost twice as fast as those for homeowners.

The study period was Dec 2005 to Dec 2018, so it roughly covers one full economic cycle. Corelogic compared its rental index, which analyzes the same rental properties over time, to a “typical mortgage payment,” which it calculates assuming a 30-year fixed mortgage with a 20% down payment.

In Austin, the rental index rose more than 60% over the study period while the typical mortgage payment rose about 35%. The difference between the two in Dallas and Houston wasn’t as large, but the rental index still rose faster. A part of this difference is attributable to the fact that mortgage rates in 2005 were a point and a half higher than they were last Dec.

And this reinforces another interesting point highlighted by Corelogic. Renters are almost twice as likely to be “cost burdened,” meaning 30% or more of their income goes towards housing expenses. Forty-six percent of renters were cost-burdened in 2017 as opposed to about 27% of homeowners. Moreover, the share is down 10 points for homeowners in the last 10 years whereas it’s held steady for renters. This highlights the fact that homeowners can leverage the market through refinancing to lower their housing costs whereas renters’ only recourse is to move to a less expensive (and probably lower quality) rental.

Here is a link to the study results.

Rate update: Trade war is our headliner again

 Interest Rates, Residential Mortgage  Comments Off on Rate update: Trade war is our headliner again
May 072019
 

For more information, please contact me at (512) 261-1542 or steve@LoneStarLending.com.

By G. Steven Bray

Last week’s two big ticket items, the Federal Reserve meeting and the jobs report, lived up to their billing. The Fed didn’t change policy, nor did the post-meeting announcement really make any waves. It was Fed head Powell, at his post-meeting press conference, who got things moving. He acknowledged that foreign economies look a little stronger than earlier in the year and was equivocal when asked whether the next rate move would be a cut or a hike. (Investors have been hoping for a cut.) Interest rates quickly bounced higher.

Then, we got the jobs report on Fri. The headline numbers were great: a solid beat on jobs created and the lowest unemployment rate in 50 years. However, wage growth was tepid, reinforcing concerns about falling inflation (which tends to depress rates). On top of that, the services sector report missed expectations. Interest rates edged down again, and it looked like we’d be riding the range a while longer.

This week set up to be rather quiet until Friday’s inflation report – until the Chinese pulled away from trade negotiations. Markets have been hopeful for a trade deal, so the president’s threat to impose new tariffs created waves of uncertainty. Investors responded to that by buying bonds, which pushed rates down.

So, where do we go from here? Given that multiple recent economic reports have agreed about receding inflation, it’s unlikely Friday’s Consumer Price Index is going to have much effect on rates. If the index surprisingly doesn’t agree with the other reports, rates may tick up a bit.

However, I suspect rates will rise or fall based on the trade talks. A further breakdown is bound to make investors nervous about a full blown trade war, leading to lower rates.

FHA crack down on down payment assistance

 Loan Guidelines, Residential Mortgage  Comments Off on FHA crack down on down payment assistance
Apr 292019
 

For more information, please contact me at (512) 261-1542 or steve@LoneStarLending.com.

By G. Steven Bray

One of a myriad of causes of the housing collapse during the Great Recession was the absence of “skin-in-the-game.” Borrowers used no-money down loans to purchase homes, then walked away from those homes when the economy went sour. Given that they had put none of their savings into the homes, walking away was easier.

One way to achieve no-money down during that time was to use seller-provided down payment assistance with an FHA loan. The seller provided the necessary 3.5% down payment and usually boosted the home’s sale price a little to make up for it. Congress outlawed this practice in 2008, mandating that no party with a financial interest in the home sale – including the seller, the agents, and the lender – could provide the homebuyer’s down payment funds. However, the law allowed governmental programs to continue providing down payment assistance.

Well, where there’s a will, there’s a way, and an entrepreneurial fellow in UT partnered with the Paiutes tribal government to create a fund, the Chenoa Fund, that lenders could use for down payment assistance. Whereas government down payment programs target homebuyers in the governmental jurisdictions, the Chenoa Fund was available nationwide, and it made a profit on the transactions.

Borrowers in down payment assistance programs become delinquent about twice as often as those who use their own funds, and the Feds see these programs as an increasing risk to the FHA Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund, which backstops FHA mortgages.

Last week, HUD published new guidelines that clarify which entities can provide down payment assistance. The guidelines seem to target the Chenoa Fund, and it will be interesting to see how it responds.

But that still leaves the bigger issue of higher default rates for down payment assisted loans unaddressed. Many of these programs offer the assistance in exchange for higher-than-market interest rates, which stretch a homebuyer’s ability to repay the mortgage. In addition, they perpetuate the problem Congress thought it had addressed in 2008 – homeowners with no skin in the game.

FHA changes aim to deny riskier borrowers

 Loan Guidelines, Residential Mortgage  Comments Off on FHA changes aim to deny riskier borrowers
Apr 272019
 

For more information, please contact me at (512) 261-1542 or steve@LoneStarLending.com.

By G. Steven Bray

Late last month, FHA made some changes to its automated underwriting system that may prevent as many as 50,000 potential borrowers from qualifying for an FHA loan. FHA said the changes are meant to limit exposure of its insurance fund from higher risk situations.

According to the agency’s annual report to Congress, it’s seeing a concentration of mortgages with high debt-to-income ratios and low credit scores. It also reported a 60% increase in cash-out refinances. (This isn’t an issue in TX as TX homeowners cannot take cash out using an FHA loan.)

An FHA official told The Wall Street Journal that the system changes will affect 40,000 to 50,000 loans each year, which is 4 to 5% of all loans FHA insures.

The changes will flag loans with a combination of higher debt-to-income ratios and lower credit scores for “manual underwriting,” which means underwriting performed by a human being. Unfortunately for borrowers, manual underwriting also means more stringent loan guidelines, and many of those who qualified before the system changes no longer will qualify.

Housing index focused on home prices

 Real Estate Market, Residential Mortgage  Comments Off on Housing index focused on home prices
Mar 192019
 

For more information, please contact me at (512) 261-1542 or steve@LoneStarLending.com.

By G. Steven Bray

Fannie Mae’s housing index was down slightly last month, continuing a slow deterioration of the index that began last year. It’s down 1.5 points since last Feb. While consumers still express strong confidence about their personal finances, their confidence in the housing market is slipping.

The overwhelming majority of respondents still expect their personal financial situation to stay the same or improve in the next year, and a 14-point majority thinks the economy is on the right track. Those percentages have changed little over the last year.

What has changed is the share of respondents who think it’s a good time to buy or sell a home. The “good-time-to-sell” component is down 6 points from last year and down 17 points from its peak last Jun. This may be a reflection of consumer’s softening expectations about home price growth. While a net 33% still expect prices to rise in the next 12 months, that’s down 19 points from the peak last year.

The “good-time-buy” component is down 7 points from last Feb, and has been declining steadily since summer of 2013. Interestingly, this also may be due to rising home prices as it’s the most frequently cited concern of potential homebuyers.

The positive takeaway is that as declining expectations for higher home prices sink in, potential homebuyers may begin to view buying a home as an affordable option again. Consumers still expect rents to rise almost twice as fast as home prices over the coming year.

Link to the full report.

Rate update: 4 events that could break the range

 Interest Rates, Residential Mortgage  Comments Off on Rate update: 4 events that could break the range
Mar 132019
 

For more information, please contact me at (512) 261-1542 or steve@LoneStarLending.com.

By G. Steven Bray

Still riding the range. It’s not a bad place to be when mortgage rates are the lowest they’ve been in a year. This range has held for an unusually long time, and we’ve been looking towards this month as the time when the range finally might break down. There’s no sign of that yet, but let’s review some events that could make it happen.

US economic data probably carries the greatest weight. Most of the data this year has shown continued economic strength – until the Feb jobs report. The report didn’t just miss expectations, it was anemic. Could it be an outlier due to the government shutdown or seasonal factors? Possibly. The Jan number was oddly high. Regardless, the weak jobs report combined with this week’s tame inflation reports have bond buyers in a frisky mood, and that’s good for interest rates. Any additional weak economic data likely will get the recession whisperers going again, and rates could break lower.

The other elephant in the room is the ongoing Chinese trade talks. I still think a trade deal is likely to pump up rates a bit as it not only will remove impediments to economic growth, it will remove the uncertainty that acts like a weight on rates.

Foreign economic uncertainty carries less weight, but its pervasiveness at the moment may be giving it an over-sized effect. Brexit talks continue to flounder, and a no-deal divorce between Britain and the EU is full of unknowns. The European Central Bank last week again lowered its growth estimates and discussed stimulus measures to shore up the European economy. Chinese growth has cooled significantly, and recent data shows its manufacturing sector in contraction.

Finally, we have the Federal Reserve meeting next week. The Fed had a large part in setting up the current range with its about-face on rate hikes following its Dec meeting. Markets currently see little chance of the Fed raising interest rates soon. Should the Fed’s post-meeting announcement suggest otherwise, rates could make a quick jump higher.

Fewer home flips could be temporary blip

 Real Estate Market, Residential Mortgage  Comments Off on Fewer home flips could be temporary blip
Mar 052019
 

For more information, please contact me at (512) 261-1542 or steve@LoneStarLending.com.

By G. Steven Bray

Recent data from ATTOM Data Solutions, a national property data warehouse, shows that the total number of homes and condos flipped last fall reached a 3.5-year low. The total of almost 46,000 was a 12% decrease from a year earlier.

ATTOM’s senior vice-president Daren Bloomquist suggested this could indicate a cooliing housing market as home flips are quick transactions and provide almost real-time data on the state of the market. Last fall was the third consecutive quarter of year-over-year decreases for flips. Bloomquist said the last time that happened was in 2014 after mortgage rates jumped.

For some context, flips decreased for eleven consecutive quarters preceding the housing crash, so it’s unlikely this trend is indicative of an echo crash. Like 2014, the recent swoon may be a reaction to rising interest rates, and it will be interesting to see whether flipping activity picked up this winter when rates retreated.

The report contained a wealth of interesting data on home flipping. The average gain-on-sale for home flips was $63,000, a slight decrease from a year ago when it was $65,000. This represented a 42.6% return on investment, which was a 6.5 year low and was lower than the 48.1% ROI a year earlier.

Almost half of all flips in the quarter sold for less than $200k, with most of those flips having a gross ROI of 50% or better. However, the highest ROI occurered for flips with a sales price north of $5 million.

The highest rate of home flipping occurred in AZ, TN, and NV, and the highest gross returns were in PA, OH, and KY.

ATTOM’s summary of the report